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The 'enclosed' military harbour of Thasos
The research in the 'enclosed' military harbour of Thasos lasted eight years and was operated by the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities via the maritime archaeologist Dr Aggeliki Simossi and the at that time Secretary-General of the French Archaeological School Dr Jean – Yves Empereur.
The ancient 'enclosed' military harbour of Thasos, was created in the middle of the east part of the ancient city, and constitutes the continuation of the land walls in the sea.
The basin is protected by the marime and coastal fortification, strengthened by circular towers in certain intervals and in the entrance of the harbour as well. The marine fortification is dated at the beginning of 5th century B.C., while the towers and an extension at the west side outside the harbour are dated at the end of 4th century. New arrangements came during the Early Christian period, when the entrance of the harbour was transferred.
Inside the harbours basin the remains of ship sheds were traced, these are dated in two phases: that of the beginninng of 5th cent. B.C., and a second phase at the end of 4th cent. B.C. The sanctuary of Goddess Soteira Ellimenias, dated between 6th cent. B.C. and 5th cent. B.C. indicates a sacred essence of the 'enclosed' military harbor, that couldn't be absent in the bastion of defence and attack of the city.
In general that monument is mentioned as an example for information about the 'enclosed' military harbors that were holding an integral part in the ancient cities and were constructed during the antiquity, from the archaic period to the late hellenistic period.
The significance of this monument lies on the following reasons:

1. It is the first kind of military naval base since there the military triremes wintered.
2. It is clearly proved that people at that time were perfectly familiar with the construction of harbors, since they acquired the wind knowledge for choosing the proper orientation, it's worth to mention that the ancient foundation was used for the construction of the modern harbour installations.

Furthermore it can also be designated as monument refering to its architecture, site planning , technology or art .

The site is a designated underwater archaeological site according to YPPO/ARCH/Α1/Φ18/52652/2146/31-12-1986 (Government Gazette 74/Β/5-2-1987)


Funding: Ministry of Culture and Sports, French Archaeological School in Athens

Year:

01/01/1983 - 31/12/1984

Related services:

Personnel:

Dr. Aggeliki G. Simossi
Maritime Archaeologist
Telephone: +30 210 92 35 105
Fax: +30 210 92 35 707
E-mail: eena@culture.gr

Bibliography:

  • , Thasos, 1985
  • Archontidou-Argyri A., Simossi A., Empereur J. -Y., "The underwater excavation at the ancient port of Thasos, Greece", International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 18.1 (IJNA),, Thasos, 1989, pp. 51-59
  • , Thasos, x.x
  • , ΕΥΚΡΑΤΑ, Thasos, x.x
  • , Thasos, 1995
  • , Thasos, 1994
  • , Thasos, 1993
  • , Thasos, 1995, 423-431
  • , 1997
  • , x.x
 
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